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Vitamin D2 vs D3: Same for boosting D levels but D3 superior for sustaining levels?

There is no difference between vitamin D2 and D3 for raising blood levels of the vitamin, but D3 is superior for sustaining those levels, says a new study from Argentina.

Moody microbes? Gut bacteria found to play key role in serotonin production

Our gut microbiota may play a vital role in driving our mood by regulating the production of serotonin in the intestines and blood, say researchers.

Superior bioavailability? Study backs krill oil over fish oil … but not because of phospholipids

Krill oil may have better bioavailability of the essential omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA compared to fish oil, but variations are not because of differences between phospholipids and triglycerides,...

Could guar gum help satiety?

Guar gum could hold potential for both short and long term control of appetite, say Japanese researchers.

Vitamin D may offer pain and movement support for obese people with joint health issues

Ensuring adequate levels of vitamin D may boost the movement of obese individuals with osteoarthritis compared with obese people with insufficient D levels, says a new study from the University...

Small changes for big benefits: Altering protein and carb profile has big impact on weight

Making small, consistent changes to the types of protein- and carbohydrate-rich foods we eat may have a big impact on long-term weight, say researchers behind a new large-scale diet study.

Functional broccoli may lower cholesterol

A functional variety of broccoli with a high glucoraphanin content - the vegetable's 'healthy' compound - may reduce cholesterol by altering the body's fat-synthesising signal pathways.

Omega-3 supplementation could offer MCI benefits: Pilot study

Supplementation with a drink containing 2000 mg of omega-3 and mixed botanicals could have ‘significant’ immune and biochemical effects in people that have minor cognitive impairment (MCI), new research suggests.

Cheese: The latest piece of the French paradox puzzle?

The body digests fermented dairy products like cheese differently from butter, leading researchers to suggest this may be another reason behind the French paradox.

Is fast food as effective as sports supplements for recovery?

Burgers and French fries may be just as effective in glycogen recovery and performance as isoenergetic sport supplements, say researchers from the University of Montana.

Is personalised nutrition compatible with UK free healthcare model?

People in the UK think paying for personalised nutrition advice improves commitment and motivation to follow it – but a culture of free health care means most would still expect...

Cardiologists put forward energy drink limits for adolescents, following heart health fears

Researchers say the rapid rise in energy drink consumption among adolescents has ‘serious implications’ for cardiac health, as they compile recommendations for consumption limits in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

Vitamin D – depression link seen in 5000-strong study

Those with higher vitamin D levels have a lower risk of depression, according to a Finnish population study.

SCIENCE SHORT

Chicken collagen helps osteoarthritis, says Bioiberica

Type II native collagen from chickens alleviates symptoms of osteoarthritis in two clinical and animal studies.

Dietary curcumin may boost brain DHA: Study

Increased intake of curcumin could boost levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the brain by enhancing its conversion from other omega-3 precursors in the liver, say researchers.

Olive oil polyphenol backed for selective anti-cancer potential

A phenolic compound known as oleocanthal can selectively kill cancerous cells while leaving healthy cells intact, say researchers, who suggest their novel findings may explain why olive oil is linked...

science short

Coffee polyphenol may improve gut health: Study

Coffee polyphenol chlorogenic acids (CGA) could serve as a prebiotic to improve gut health, say researchers.

DHA supplements for lactating women may offer breast milk and baby benefits

Supplementation with DHA omega-3 in lactating women increases breast milk levels of the essential fatty acid, and could help infants achieve a better omega 3:6 ratio, finds new research from...

Folic supplements could help elderly fight heat problems: Study

Folic acid supplements could help prevent heat-induced cardiovascular events in elderly people by improving blood vessel dilation, say researchers.

Can cultural differences affect consumer understanding of food labels?

Country-specific differences could influence consumers’ understanding of nutritional information on food products, researchers have said.  

Early intake of L. reuteri probiotics in infancy may boost gut health: Study

Early supplementation of an infant’s diet with Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 may boost gut health by reducing the build-up of pathogenic bacteria, says a new study from Italy.

Doctors need to talk to cancer survivors about supplements, say researchers

The use of food supplements is widespread among cancer survivors – but potentially dangerous practices may be going under physicians’ radars, say researchers.

What do we know about caffeine and Alzheimer's?

It is ‘imperative’ more research is conducted on the potential benefits of caffeine in the treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's disease, say scientists.

Energy drink TV adverts are placed on channels that appeal to teens: US study

US energy drink manufacturers primarily advertise on television channels that appeal to adolescents, according to a study in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.