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SCIENCE SHORT

Probiotics offer prospect of cheap, eco-friendly nanoparticles

The use of probiotics for the biosynthesis of metallic nanoparticles (MNPs) may offer a cheaper, more eco-friendly alternative to previous production methods, says a new review.

EU project aims to improve extraction and cultivation of microalgae

A new €5m European project aims to make it cheaper and easier to enrich food, nutraceuticals and cosmetics with microalgae.

Tocopherol source may affect breast milk vitamin E profile, says study

The vitamin E alpha-tocopherol is imperative to a baby’s nervous system development, and they primarily get this from breast milk or formula. In a clinical trial, researchers from Abbott Nutrition...

GM plant-derived omega-3 successfully cultivated on commercial scale

Commercial production of omega-3 supplements sourced from genetically modified plants is the subject of research that could ease the pressure on traditional marine-derived supplies of fish oils.

Vitamin D pills may boost quality of life for osteoarthritis patients: Study

High-dose supplementation with vitamin D2 may improve pain scores and measures of “quality of life” in people with osteoarthritis, says a new study.

Molecular mechanisms: Could omega-3 metabolite offer hope in battle against age-related diseases?

A signalling molecule produced by the the omega-3 fatty acid DHA could be used to target age-related conditions and diseases including stroke and Alzheimer’s, new research suggests.

Science short

Cellular calcium levels may influence cholesterol production, study suggests

Calcium levels within cells may play an important role in controlling cholesterol production, according to recent research using roundworms.

Magnesium pills may improve blood pressure in at-risk populations

People with insulin resistance, prediabetes, or other non-communicable chronic diseases are at an increased risk of hypertension, but magnesium supplements may help lower their blood pressure, says a new meta-analysis.

‘Breast milk-like’ formula may help babies sleep more and cry less, suggests study

Infants given formula milk containing high levels of SN-2 palmitate, sleep more and cry less than those given standard formula, reveals a study in Clinics in Mother and Child Health....

Maternal vitamin D may be vital to childhood development

Preventing vitamin D deficiencies in pregnant women might be important for ensuring normal development in children, say UK researchers.

Lutein levels linked to a more agile and ‘youthful’ brain: Study

A high intake of lutein appears to slow down cognitive decline, a US study suggests, as findings appear to support previous outcomes linking this nutrient to improved mental health.

Eating walnuts may boost good gut bacteria, suggests study

Walnut consumption may increase the amount of beneficial bacteria in the gut, according to a recent animal study published in The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry.

High-beta-glucan barley aids weight loss and fat reduction: Japan RCT

Barley high in beta-glucan can reduce visceral fat, as well as body weight, BMI and waist circumference, according to a new Japanese trial.

Study opens possibility of using algae to manage inflammation via the microbiome

Algal solution: Could Spirulina modify the microbiome to protect against age-related damage?

Spirulina might help protect against age-related liver inflammation by modifying pathways in the microbiome, say researchers.

Food-based iodine during pregnancy important for child brain development

Low levels of maternal iodine may be linked to reduced brain development at age three, a new study has suggested.

Infant gut bacteria link with smarter toddlers: Study

The make-up of babies’ gut microbiomes may be associated with with later cognitive development, suggests new research.

Researchers analyze efficacy of chewable plant stanol ester supplements

Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol was reduced by 7.6% among study participants who were supplemented with 2 g per day of a chewable plant sterol ester, according to researchers at the...

4 in 5 don't get enough zinc or vitamin E

‘Significant’ shortfall of certain nutrients in Spanish diet

Many Spanish people do not meet recommended intakes for nutrients including of zinc, vitamin A and vitamin E, according to new research.

Report outlines new recipe to nourish and nurture UK nutrition research

New proposals aimed at revolutionising nutrition research in the United Kingdom identifies basic understanding of nutrition and its translation to healthier products is beginning to fall behind.

Protein-based supplement may aid in elderly muscle gains, study suggests

Elderly men who consumed a whey protein based multi-ingredient supplement increased both muscle strength and lean mass, reveals a new study conducted at McMaster University in Canada.

Study underscores positive effect of vitamin D on female fertility

Vitamin D status may play an important in female fertility and reproduction, according to new research linking levels to regulation of ovarian hormones.

Research boost? FoodBook24 web tool could aid nutrition surveillance in Europe

A new web-based dietary tool has been developed by nutrition experts, who believe it could be the future of dietary surveillance for researchers across Europe.

Science Short

Cannabinoids may be responsible for omega-3 anti-inflammatory effect: Study

The anti-inflammatory properties of omega-3 fatty acids may be due to the action of endocannabinoids derived from them, suggests a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences....

Special edition: Cognitive health, focus & mood

Essential brain health nutrient choline flies under formulation radar

Choline has been an overlooked nutrient in cognitive health, one that theoretically could help forestall cognitive decline later in life, a prominent supplier says.

Trust in nutritional science ‘deflating’, claim Dutch scientists

Nutrition science appears to be in crisis with a public reluctance to trust nutritional insights, according to a Dutch group of scientists, who also believe the subject’s boundaries are hampering...