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Increased vitamin D may protect against multiple sclerosis

Higher levels of vitamin D in the body may reduce the risk of developing the neurological disease multiple sclerosis by as much as 62 per cent, Harvard researchers report.

Fruit, veg may halve men's kidney cancer risk

Consuming six or more portions of fruit and vegetables very day could halve the risk of kidney cancer in men, says an epidemiological study from Harvard University.

Tea polyphenols - antioxidants or prebiotics?

Polyphenols in tea may preferentially suppress the growth of pathogenic bacteria in the gut, but not the growth of 'friendly' bacteria, says a new study from Singapore.

Black cohosh same as placebo for hot flushes, says study

Hot flushes associated with the menopause are not helped by black cohosh supplements, say results from the largest and longest trial for the herb to date.

Protein-sugar combo could boost encapsulation stability

A protein-polysaccharide combination for stabilising water-in-oil-in-water emulsions could lead to customised double emulsions with differing release behaviours, German researchers report.

Questions raised about Echinacea's effect on gut health

US researchers have reported that the herb Echinacea, commonly used against colds, could stimulate the growth of certain gut bacteria, some potentially pathogenic.

Vitamin K2 higher bioavailability than K1, say scientists

Vitamin K2 derived from the fermented soy product natto has a higher bioavailability than vitamin K1, results that may have implications for functional food formulators.

Low-fat diets cut breast cancer recurrence, says study

Cutting fat intake to 20 per cent of the daily total calories could reduce the risk of breast cancer recurrence by about 25 per cent, researchers from the US have reported.

Vegetarianism link to higher IQ

Children with a higher IQ in childhood are more likely to be vegetarian in adult life, researchers report in the British Medical Journal.

Resveratrol could counter metabolic diseases, animal study

Resveratrol, the phenolic derivative found in red wine and certain plants, may play a role in protecting against diabetes and obesity, suggest the results of an animal study.

Australian project to turn food waste into healthy ingredients

A new project was launched this week by Australian food researchers to tap bioactive compounds from agricultural and food industry waste for use in health-enhancing foods and nutraceuticals.

Danisco trial tips probiotics into pain relief arena

Oral administration of Lactobacillous acidophilus NCFM has been seen to have an analgesic effect in the gut similar to that of morphine - a finding that opens up a new...

Folic acid no good for weak hearts - and the rest of us?

Folic acid supplements have no effect on cardiovascular disease events amongst people with existing vascular disease, says a meta-analysis of 12 randomised control trials.

Beta-glucan blunts insulin response after eating, says study

Consuming foods containing beta-glucan could reduce the insulin and glucose response after a meal, thereby easing a risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease, says a new study.

Sporty jelly beans give athletes a boost, study

Sweet manufacturers could find themselves tapping into the sporty potential of confectionery following research into the effects of functional jelly beans on athletes' performance.

Fish and whole grains linked to asthma protection

An increased consumption of whole grains and fish could reduce the risk of developing asthma by about 50 per cent, suggests a new study from The Netherlands.

Vitamin E pills fails to slow cognitive decline in trial

Taking vitamin E supplements does not slow the natural cognitive decline associated with age in older women, says a new study from Harvard.

Mechanism proposed for black cohosh menopause benefits

Scientists from the University of Illinois in Chicago have reported for the first time just how black cohosh may alleviate hot flushes in menopausal women - information previously lacking about...

Vitamin K may reverse artery hardening, suggests study

A high-dose vitamin K supplement reduced calcium precipitates associated with hardening of the arteries by 37 per cent in rats, scientists from The Netherlands have reported.

Western diet pattern linked to colorectal cancer risk

The high calorie, low fibre dietary pattern associated with the Western diet are associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer, says new research from France.

More support for coffee's anti-diabetes benefits

Drinking four or more cups of coffee a day could cut the risk of developing type-2 diabetes by over 23 per cent, say American and Finnish researchers.

Can prebiotics protect probiotics during processing?

Using prebiotics as carriers could protect probiotics during processing and storage, as well imparting their own beneficial effects in the finished product, suggests new research from Finland.

Omega-3, fibre, vitamin E linked to lower Lymphoma risk

A diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids, dietary fibre, beta-carotene and vitamin E appear to offer significant protection against non-Hodgkin lymphoma, says a Swedish-Danish-American study.

Low-protein diets could protect against cancer, says new study

Adhering to the recommended daily amount of protein may help protect against certain cancers that are not directly associated with obesity, says new research from the US.

Could brown algae extract be novel prebiotic?

Chinese researchers have reported that alginate oligosaccharides (AOS) have significant prebiotic activity in rats and, if the results can be reproduced in humans, could offer an novel source of the...