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Cloned mules offer insight into calcium

The successful cloning of three mules sheds light on calcium's role in cell signaling and could be important for understanding the progression of human disease, according to US researchers.

Low-fat diet helps slow prostate tumours in mice

A low-fat diet may help men with aggressive prostate cancer better fight their disease and live longer, according to researchers who showed that a diet low in polyunsaturated fats slowed...

Diabetes can cause liver cancer - new threat

In the largest study of its kind, researchers have shown that diabetes can cause chronic liver disease and cancer of the liver, increasing the threat posed by growing incidence of...

Science backs old wives' tale - cod liver oil helps slow osteoarthritis

Cod liver oil has been shown to slow the destruction of joint cartilage in patients with osteoarthritis, report scientists in Wales, who say it is the first evidence of its...

Scientists unravel mechanism behind valerian's calming effect

Scientists at the University of Bonn have identified a substance that appears to be partly responsible for the previously unexplained sedative effect of valerian, a herbal native to Europe and...

Obesity from all angles

A comprehensive national strategy 'organised across many fronts' is urgently needed to tackle obesity in the UK and its threat to public health, argues a new report issued by British...

Vitamin D supplements reduce falls in elderly

Elderly people may be able to reduce their risk of falls by taking a vitamin D supplement, shows a new study by Swiss researchers.

Iron overload appears to raise diabetes risk

Higher iron stores are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in healthy women. independent of known diabetes risk factors, report researchers in this week's issue of JAMA.

Hormone link to colon cancer, new benefit from soy protein

The female hormone estrogen has been shown for the first time to potentially protect against colon cancer. The new research also found that soy protein may help reduce the number...

Isoflavones show protective effect in some bone health markers

Red clover isoflavones may help to protect women, recently advised to stop using HRT, from the risk of osteoporosis, suggests new research that shows a protective effect of the supplement...

High GI foods may raise cancer risk

A diet with a high glycaemic load could increase the risk of colorectal cancer, find US scientists following recent research on nearly 40,000 middle-aged women. Findings could further fire interest...

New collaboration offers ingredient profiling service

German companies CyBio Screening and BioTeSys have joined up to offer an ingredient profiling service to manufacturers of nutrition and health products that allows them to eliminate animal testing.

Misleading labelling found on St John's wort supplements

The real amount of active ingredient in over-the-counter St John's wort 'varies greatly' and can be up to 114 per cent of the amount on the label, according to a...

Mice engineered to produce omega-3s

Geneticists have engineered mice to produce high amounts of the heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids in their tissues and organs, they report in Nature this week.

Iron deficiency leads to hair loss

A major French study on the effects of nutritional supplements has confirmed the link between iron deficiency and hair loss, reports the leading French cosmetics group L'Oreal.

Low-fat diet increases insulin sensitivity

Dutch scientists reveal that low-fat product diet is better than smaller portions of normal high-fat food for preventing diabetes in obese people.

Coeliac disease more prevalent in kids than thought

The numbers of British children with the hidden condition coeliac disease, an intolerance to gluten, have been significantly underestimated, say doctors in Bristol.

Feed supplements boost omega-3 fats in milk

The omega-3 content of milk can be increased by feeding cows with fish oil, say Australian researchers reporting the results of a new study.

Probiotic formula may bolster infant immune system

Infant formula with added probiotic bacteria appeared to reduce irritability in infants and lowered the frequency of antibiotic use, report US researchers.

Vitamin K discovery could trigger new heart disease treatments

British scientists have begun to unravel some of the mystery surrounding the way vitamin K helps in the formation of blood clots.

Vitamins found ineffective against recurrent stroke

Taking high-dose vitamins to reduce levels of the amino acid homocysteine, thought to reduce heart disease risk, appears to do little to prevent a second stroke in patients, show results...

Food consultancy launches Glycemic Index service

UK-based food research institute RSSL is to launch a service to measure the glycemic index of foods, or how carbohydrates in different foods and ingredients can trigger a rise in...

Plant factories for selenium, new source?

A US scientist has engineered plants capable of building up unusually high levels of the cancer-fighting mineral selenium in their tissues.

HRT raises risk of breast cancer recurrence, alternatives needed

A Swedish study established to assess the effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for women with a history of breast cancer has been stopped early after preliminary results show 'unacceptably...

Antioxidants reduce asthma risk in children

Higher levels of the antioxidants beta-carotene and vitamin C, along with the antioxidant trace mineral selenium, were associated with a lower risk of asthma in a large study on young...

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