SUBSCRIBE

Breaking News on Supplements, Health & Nutrition - Europe US edition | APAC edition

News > Suppliers

Read more breaking news

 

 

Preventing malnutrition will save money as well as lives, says the UN

By Nathan Gray+

22-Nov-2012
Last updated on 22-Nov-2012 at 15:17 GMT2012-11-22T15:17:41Z

Nils Grede tells the EFFoST Conference that the 10 billion per year cost to prevent malnutrition is 'too good of an investment for the world to not make.'
Nils Grede tells the EFFoST Conference that the 10 billion per year cost to prevent malnutrition is 'too good of an investment for the world to not make.'

Investment in battling malnutrition on a global scale will help save and improve millions of lives, but will also save billions of euros in lost potential GDP for countries where malnutrition is a problem, according to the United Nations World Food Programme.

Malnutrition is a global problem that leads to stunted growth and the wasting of bodily tissues. Yet for a relatively small investment the problem of malnutrition, and all of the issues that accompany it could be resolved, says Nils Grede of the United Nations World Food Programme.

“Stunting [stunted growth due to malnutrition] imposes an enormous cost on individuals and on economies in terms of mortality, morbidity, loss of productivity, and chronic disease,” said the UN expert.

Speaking at the European Federation of Food Science and Technology (EFFoST) in Montpellier, France, Grede explained that people need around 40 different nutrients for a healthy life.

“No one or two or three foods can give us a balanced diet that includes all of these nutrients,” he said. “Therefore dietary diversity is absolutely critical.”

Grede said that the World Food Programme can sometimes struggle to make the simple point that the right food, containing these nutrients, are critical to overcoming malnutrition – and stunting in particular.

The problem of stunting

"Stunting is the failure to grow in line with ones genetic potential,” explained Grede.  he“For adults stunting means being about 13 or 14 centimetres shorter than their genetic potential."

“The tragedy is that once we reach age two or three, the game is over,” he said. “Once, stunted, always stunted.”

This stunting of growth, which affects around 165 million children under the age of five, which corresponds to around 25% of the world's children being stunted. 

“We want to prevent stunting because we cannot treat it,” said Grede. “After age two you cannot leave the road that you have embarked on, you’re travelling on a set growth curve – which may be much lower than your potential growth curve may have been.”

"We need to target those who are most at risk and make sure that they do not grow up stunted.”

A lifetime of trouble

In addition to stunting being impossible to reverse after onset, the UN expert warned that stunting can have a number of consequences for health and wellness over a lifetime.

“Firstly, because it kills,” said Grede – revealing that as many children die because they are stunted as die because they are severely malnourished and start to waste muscle and body mass.

On top of this increased risk of death, stunting can also reduce productivity and lifetime earnings because it reduces early brain development and therefore negatively impacts on educational outcomes, he said.

An economic problem?

According to one study, stunting is associated with a 65% less income, while another study has estimated that GDP in Central American countries is about $6.7 billion per year - or 6% of total GDP – lower than it could be as a result of stunting, said Grede.

"Researchers have estimated that it will cost around 10 billion dollars per year to address all forms of malnutrition," he said. "What a good investment if for 10 billion [globally] we can get a payback of nearly 7 billion in just these countries”

“One doesn’t have to be an investment banker to understand this logic.”

“Not only is a stunted child more likely to get sick and die early, learn less, and earn less, but also they will be affected by a much higher incidence of chronic diseases later in life,” said the UN expert. 

“Its too good of an investment for the world to not make."

Live Supplier Webinars

Polyphenols tipped to become the way to innovate in Sports Nutrition
Fytexia
Orally bioavailable standardized botanical derivatives in sport nutrition: special focus on recovery in post-intense physical activities
Indena
Collagen in motion: move freely and keep your injuries in check
Leading manufacturer of gelatine and collagen peptides
Life’s too short for slow proteins. Whey proteins hydrolysates: Fast delivery for enhanced performance
Arla Foods Ingredients
What it Takes to Compete and Win in Today’s Sports Nutrition Market
Capsugel
Sports Nutrition Snapshot: Key regional drivers and delivery format innovations
William Reed Business Media
Gutsy performance: How can microbiome modulation help athletes and weekend warriors
William Reed Business Media
Pushing the boundaries: Where’s the line between ‘cutting edge nutrition’ and doping
William Reed Business Media
Alpha & Omega in Sports Nutrition – Using Omega 3’s and A-GPC to improve performance and recovery.
KD Pharma

On demand Supplier Webinars

High-amylose maize starch may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes: what does this qualified health claim mean?
Ingredion
Balancing Innovation and Risk in Sports Nutrition Ingredients
NSF-International
Explaining bio-hacking: is there a marketing opportunity for food companies?
William Reed Business Media
Personalized Nutrition – how an industry can take part in shaping the future of Nutrition
BASF Nutrition & Health
Find out Nutritional and ingredient lifecycle solutions and strategies!
Roquette
Is the time rIpe for I-nutrition?
William Reed Business Media
The Advantage of Outsourcing Fermentation-based Manufacturing Processes
Evonik Health Care
All supplier webinars