SUBSCRIBE

Breaking News on Supplements, Health & Nutrition - Europe US edition | APAC edition

News > Research

Read more breaking news

 

 

Study: Big breakfast could help manage type 2 diabetes

By Maggie Hennessy , 18-Dec-2013
Last updated on 18-Dec-2013 at 14:53 GMT2013-12-18T14:53:51Z

"This relatively simple diet approach enhances satiety and leads to better glycemic outcomes compared to a more conventional dietary approach," said the authors of a study purporting that a eating a protein- and fat-rich breakfast could help manage type 2 diabetes.

It’s no secret that incidence of being overweight and obese have increased dramatically over the past few decades alongside a rise in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes. Concurrent with this, eating breakfast has declined overall.

According to a study published in the journal Obesity, a large breakfast enriched with protein and fat may impact body weight and lead to long-term glycemic control in overweight/obese individuals with type 2 diabetes, possibly proving to be a useful alternative for the management of type 2 diabetes.

“Overall, we have demonstrated improved measures of glycemic control, reduced hunger and improved satiety using a relatively simple diet intervention,” the authors wrote. “Our results suggest possible dietary alternatives which may benefit overweight/obese individuals with T2DM.”

Given that various cross-sectional studies examining skipping versus eating breakfast as well as the effect of different breakfast sizes and composition have returned mixed results, the researchers sought to find out how changes in breakfast size and composition affected body weight and metabolic outcomes.

For the randomized, treatment-controlled, open clinical trial, the researchers compared the effects of two isocaloric dietary interventions with different breakfast size and composition over a three-month period on body weight, glycemic control, and its association with metabolic markers in on 59 obese/overweight participants (21 men) with T2DM.

One group ate a big breakfast (providing 33% of total daily energy), rich in fat and protein, and the other ate a small breakfast (12.5% total daily energy) rich in carbohydrates.

Although body weight was reduced similarly in both groups, the big breakfast group showed greater HbA1c (blood glucose level) and SBP (systolic blood pressure) reductions (HbA1c: −4.62% vs. −1.46%, p = 0.047; SBP −9.58 vs. −2.43 mmHg; p = 0.04).

Moreover, type 2 diabetes medication dose was reduced in a greater proportion of the big breakfast participants (31% vs. 0%; p = 0.002) while in the small breakfast group, a greater proportion of participants had a dose increases (16.7% vs. 3.4%; p = 0.002). Hunger scores were also lower in the big breakfast group and greater improvements in fasting glucose were observed in the big breakfast group.

Further research is required to confirm and clarify the mechanisms by which this relatively simple diet approach enhances satiety, leads to better glycemic outcomes compared to a more conventional dietary approach,” the authors concluded.

Source: Obesity
Published online ahead of print, doi: 10.1002/oby.20654
“Big breakfast rich in protein and fat improves glycemic control in type 2 diabetics”
Authors: H.R. Rabinovitz, M. Boaz, T. Ganz, D. Jakubowicz, Z. Matas, Z. Madar, J. Wainstein

Live Supplier Webinars

Polyphenols tipped to become the way to innovate in Sports Nutrition
Fytexia
Orally bioavailable standardized botanical derivatives in sport nutrition: special focus on recovery in post-intense physical activities
Indena
Collagen in motion: move freely and keep your injuries in check
Leading manufacturer of gelatine and collagen peptides
Life’s too short for slow proteins. Whey proteins hydrolysates: Fast delivery for enhanced performance
Arla Foods Ingredients
What it Takes to Compete and Win in Today’s Sports Nutrition Market
Capsugel
Sports Nutrition Snapshot: Key regional drivers and delivery format innovations
William Reed Business Media
Gutsy performance: How can microbiome modulation help athletes and weekend warriors
William Reed Business Media
Pushing the boundaries: Where’s the line between ‘cutting edge nutrition’ and doping
William Reed Business Media
Alpha & Omega in Sports Nutrition – Using Omega 3’s and A-GPC to improve performance and recovery.
KD Pharma

On demand Supplier Webinars

High-amylose maize starch may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes: what does this qualified health claim mean?
Ingredion
Balancing Innovation and Risk in Sports Nutrition Ingredients
NSF-International
Explaining bio-hacking: is there a marketing opportunity for food companies?
William Reed Business Media
Personalized Nutrition – how an industry can take part in shaping the future of Nutrition
BASF Nutrition & Health
Find out Nutritional and ingredient lifecycle solutions and strategies!
Roquette
Is the time rIpe for I-nutrition?
William Reed Business Media
The Advantage of Outsourcing Fermentation-based Manufacturing Processes
Evonik Health Care
All supplier webinars