Breaking News on Supplements & Nutrition - EuropeUS edition

News > Research

Read more breaking news



Huge 40-year, 180,000 woman cohort shows flavanols can reduce ovarian cancer risk

Post a commentBy Nicola Cottam , 02-Sep-2014

“To our knowledge, this is the first population-based study to suggest a chemopreventive effect for flavanones on ovarian cancer risk...
“To our knowledge, this is the first population-based study to suggest a chemopreventive effect for flavanones on ovarian cancer risk..."

Regular consumption of flavanols and flavanone bioactive compounds, found in tea, citrus fruits and fruit juices, can lower the risk of ovarian cancer by as much as 21%, according to a cohort study involving nearly 180,000 women and begun in 1976.

Six commonly consumed flavonoid subclasses – flavanones, flavonols, anthocyanins, flavan-3-ols, flavones, and polymeric flavonoids – as well as their main food sources, were examined for their association with epithelial ovarian cancer.

Published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the cohort linked flavanol and flavanone intakes of about 75 milligrams per day (mg/d) with lower risk of ovarian cancer, especially in women aged 30-55 years.

The ‘polymer’ subclass was identified as the main flavonoid group consumed by subjects (at 95.4–274.7mg/d) with a notable link observed between the polymer flavanone ‘proanthocyanidin’ and a ‘low risk’ of fatal tumors, the UK and US team said.

“There was a suggestion that flavanones were more-strongly associated with lower risk of serous (or surface) invasive and poorly differentiated tumors than risk of non serous tumors. Because serous tumors tend to have poorer outcomes, this may have important implications for prevention.”

First population-based study

Flavonoids are present in a variety of foods and drinks, including fruit, vegetables, tea, and wine, but few studies have examined the association between these compounds and ovarian cancer risk.

“To our knowledge, this is the first population-based study to suggest a chemopreventive effect for flavanones on ovarian cancer risk”, they wrote.

Study details

The study involved 171,940 female participants aged 25-to-55 years old. Each subject completed an initial questionnaire to assess risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease, along follow-up biennial questionnaires to track subsequent lifestyle factors and disease diagnoses.

Flavonoid intake was validated using food-frequency questionnaires collected every four years.

Oranges and orange juice were found to be the main source of flavonoids among participants and were consumed by 27% and 54% of participants, respectively. Black tea was another major source (in 31% of cases), followed by onions (20%) and apples (10%).

Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

First published August 20, 2014

‘Intake of dietary flavonoids and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer’

doi: 10.3945/ajcn.114.088708

Authors: Aedin Cassidy, Tianyi Huang, Megan S Rice, Eric B Rimm, Shelley S Tworoger

Post a comment

Comment title *
Your comment *
Your name *
Your email *

We will not publish your email on the site

I agree to Terms and Conditions

These comments have not been moderated. You are encouraged to participate with comments that are relevant to our news stories. You should not post comments that are abusive, threatening, defamatory, misleading or invasive of privacy. For the full terms and conditions for commenting see clause 7 of our Terms and Conditions ‘Participating in Online Communities’. These terms may be updated from time to time, so please read them before posting a comment. Any comment that violates these terms may be removed in its entirety as we do not edit comments. If you wish to complain about a comment please use the "REPORT ABUSE" button or contact the editors.

Related products

Key Industry Events


Access all events listing

Our events, Events from partners...