Gut bacteria may be linked to rheumatoid arthritis: Study

By Nathan Gray contact

- Last updated on GMT

Gut bacteria may be linked to rheumatoid arthritis: Study

Related tags: Rheumatoid arthritis, Bacteria, Gut flora, Immune system

Bacterial disturbances in the gut may play a role in autoimmune attacks on joints, and could point the way towards novel ways to manage and prevent arthritis, say researchers.

The study, which links a species of intestinal bacteria known as Prevotella copri​ to the onset of rheumatoid arthritis, is the first demonstration in humans that the chronic inflammatory joint diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis may be mediated in part by bacteria that make up the intestinal microbiota.

Writing in the open-access journal eLife, ​the US-based researchers behind the study said their findings add to the growing evidence that the trillions of microbes in our body play an important role in regulating health.

"Studies in rodent models have clearly shown that the intestinal microbiota contribute significantly to the causation of systemic autoimmune diseases,"​ said Professor Dan Littman of NYU School of Medicine.

"Our own results in mouse studies encouraged us to take a closer look at patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and we found this remarkable and surprising association,"​ he confirmed.  "At this stage, however, we cannot conclude that there is a causal link between the abundance of ​P. copri and the onset of rheumatoid arthritis."

"We are developing new tools that will hopefully allow us to ask if this is indeed the case."

Study details

The team used sophisticated DNA analysis to compare gut bacteria from faecal samples of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and healthy individuals - including 16S sequencing on 114 stool samples from rheumatoid arthritis patients and controls, and shotgun sequencing on a subset of 44 such samples.

Littman and his colleagues found that P. copri​ was more abundant in patients newly diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis than in healthy individuals or patients with chronic, treated rheumatoid arthritis.

They reported that 75% of stool samples from patients newly diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis carried P. copri​ compared to 21.4% of samples from healthy individuals; 11.5% from chronic, treated patients; and 37.5% from patients with psoriatic arthritis.

Moreover, the overgrowth of P. copri​ was associated with fewer beneficial gut bacteria belonging to the genera Bacteroides​.

"Expansion of ​P. copri in the intestinal microbiota exacerbates colonic inflammation in mouse models and may offer insight into the systemic autoimmune response seen in rheumatoid arthritis,"​ commented Dr Randy Longman, a co-author of the study. Although exactly how this expansion relates to disease remains unclear even in animal models, he said.

Why P. copri​ growth seems to take off in newly diagnosed patients with rheumatoid arthritis is also unclear, the team said - who noted that the P. copri​ extracted from stool samples of newly diagnosed patients appears genetically distinct from P. copri​ found in healthy individuals, thus adding to the mystery.

The team now plan to validate their results in regions beyond New York - since gut flora can vary across geographical regions - and also plan to investigate whether gut flora can be used as a biological marker to guide treatment.

Source: eLife
Published online, open access, doi: 10.7554/eLife.01202
" Expansion of intestinalPrevotella copricorrelates with enhanced susceptibility to arthritis"
Authors: Jose U Scher, Andrew Sczesnak, Randy S Longman, et al

Related news

Show more

Related products

show more

SABINSA: COMMITTED TO SCIENCE, NATURE, AND HEALTH

SABINSA: COMMITTED TO SCIENCE, NATURE, AND HEALTH

SABINSA | 01-Aug-2019 | Technical / White Paper

Since 1988 Sabinsa has amplified the wisdom of the past using modern science, technology, and quality standards. The founder’s belief that sustainable...

A Promising Product for Comprehensive Men's Health

A Promising Product for Comprehensive Men's Health

Chemical Resources (CHERESO) | 17-Jun-2019 | Clinical Study

Testosterone deficiency is increasingly recognized as a significant health problem in men. Testosterone deficiency can adversely affect sexual function,...

Related suppliers

2 comments

Intestinal Health

Posted by Stella Metsovas B.S.,

We're embarking on a new paradigm within studies of the gut microbiome. This research is crucial to the evaluation and treatment of many degenerative conditions.

Report abuse

Arthritis

Posted by margie,

where can I buy your product for inflammation

Report abuse

Follow us

Featured Events

View more

Products

View more

Webinars