'More than nutrition': BfR cites additional breastfeeding benefits for mothers

By Will Chu

- Last updated on GMT

Breastfeeding is about more than simple nutrition, says the German federal government, as it cites a wealth of psychological changes to mother and child as often 'overlooked' benefits.

These benefits, along with the more well-established physical changes are outlined in a special issue of the public health journal Bundesgesundheitsblatt, ​in which a scientific perspective is taken to validate the positive effects of breastfeeding.

“Science is always faced with a great challenge when it comes to the question of what different effects breastfeeding has for children and mothers,“​ commented Drs Klaus Abraham, head of unit risks of subpopulations and human studies at the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) and Suzan Fiack, head of the BfR’s unit press and public relations.

In an editorial featured in the publication they added, “Controlled studies on this topic are difficult to implement, and there is often a lack of long-term data.

“Science and health care today agree on breastfeeding as an irreplaceable value.“

No nationwide breastfeeding coverage

Current German provisions do not extend to a full-coverage national breastfeeding monitoring programme.

Based on available data, it is still not possible to determine the frequency and duration of breastfeeding according to standardised scientific criteria.

The special issue also features a paper​ discussing the psychological effects of breastfeeding on children and mothers.

Here, Drs Kathleen Krol and Tobias Grossmann document their observations in children that associate breastfeeding with improved cognitive performance and socio-affective responding.

Improved cognitive performance in children is likely linked to the fatty acids (i.e. long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs)) contained in breastmilk and their potential beneficial effect on brain development during infancy, especially concerning the growth of white matter tracts (myelination).

Heightened socio-affective responding seen in breastfed children is possibly connected to the stimulation of the oxytocin system and oxytocin’s known role in promoting positive affect and approach behaviors, while reducing stress and avoidance behavior.

The paper also highlights the effect breastfeeding has on mothers, with the authors commenting that the process  “significantly reduces physiological and subjective stress, facilitates positive affect, and improves maternal sensitivity and care“.

“Again, the oxytocin system likely plays an important role in explaining the effects on maternal psychology and behavior.“

Caffeine and infant formula

Of particular interest is a review​ looking into the effect foreign substances such caffeine and alternatives such as infant formula can have on the risks to infants' health.

Researchers from the Charité in Berlin and the BfR believe the risks associated with breast-milk consumption in exclusively breast-fed infants are generally considered to be low and therefore no reason for prolonged breastfeeding or weaning.

“The positive effects of breastfeeding on child (and mother) are well documented,“​ the researchers concluded.

“In individual cases, however, for example due to the necessary intake of certain medications or due to an existing infectious disease, a weaning in the interest of the child's health is recommended.“

“In highly developed countries, it is basically a low-risk diet that does not lead to individually identifiable deficits compared to breastfed children. The prerequisite is that no mistakes are made during preparation and storage (clean water, correctly used quantities, correct temperatures during mixing and drinking),”​ the paper added.

Source: Federal Health Gazette - Health Research - Health Protection
Published online ahead of print: doi.org/10.1007/s00103-018-2787-y
“Breastfeeding in Germany.”
Authors: Klaus Abraham and Suzan Fiack

Related news

Show more

Related products

4 reasons children need MFGM, according to science

4 reasons children need MFGM, according to science

Content provided by Valio | 29-Sep-2023 | White Paper

In this white paper, Dr Anu Turpeinen discusses the ample scientific evidence showing why milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) is essential for children’s...

Introducing a new era in infant nutrition

Introducing a new era in infant nutrition

Content provided by dsm-firmenich | 01-Sep-2023 | Research Study

Omega-3s are critical to infant health and development – but conventional omega-3 ingredients are impacting the planet.

Solutions of Amino Acids-Based Infant Formula

Solutions of Amino Acids-Based Infant Formula

Content provided by INNOBIO Corporation Limited | 22-Jun-2023 | White Paper

Many infants who are born with nutritional defects often need specifically developed infant formulas to maintain their growth and development. Amino acids-based...

LIPOFER™: a bioavailable and stable source of iron

LIPOFER™: a bioavailable and stable source of iron

Content provided by Lipofoods, a Lubrizol Company | 26-Apr-2023 | White Paper

Maintaining adequate iron levels is critical to maintaining a healthy body, with deficiencies being the cause of several health issues including anemia...

Related suppliers

Follow us


View more