Special edition: Antioxidants and Carotenoids

A red revolution: As the science grows for lycopene, will the market follow?

By Nathan Gray contact

- Last updated on GMT

Red revolution: As science grows for lycopene, will the market follow?

Related tags: Lycopene, European food safety authority

Lycopene has a growing reputation among the carotenoids, but have we started to see a red revolution in the market? In this special edition article, NutrIngredients asks where the science and the market data stand on the tomato compound.

Carotenoids are a growing force in the global nutrition market .Yet, when it comes to lycopene, the powerful antioxidant has a very small slice of the global carotenoid pie. Indeed, despite research suggesting that it may be 'the most potent' of all the carotenoids when it comes to in vitro​ antioxidant power, lycopene has the smallest market share of all the carotenoids.

A healthy future?

According to data from Euromonitor the global market size for lycopene has doubled in the last five years, but against a background of surging growth in other carotenoids such a lutein (a seven fold growth) this is has done little to impact the compounds market share.

Recent research has linked lycopene with a whole host of beneficial health effects including impacting cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, osteoporosis, infertility, and skin damage.

With the science behind the benefits for the tomato compound growing at a rapid rate, will we begin to see a red revolution in the carotenoid market?

Hearty benefits

Given the potential properties of lycopene, substantial research has been devoted to a possible correlation between the carotenoid consumption and general health, with a host of data on various health conditions now coming to the fore – and heart health is top of the pile.

From slashing the risk of stroke by more than half​, cutting the risk of heart disease by improving the functioning of blood vessels​, and protecting against DNA damage​.

Additional data from the from the Framingham Offspring Study – an epidemiological analysis that indicates correlation and not causation – recently reported that increased intakes of lycopene are associated with a reduction in the incidence of cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease.

The study, published in the British Journal of Nutrition​, showed that people with high intakes of the tomato compound were linked to a 17 and 26% reduction in the incidence of cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease, respectively, when compared to those with lower intakes.

“The present study of lycopene and incident CVD adds to the accumulating evidence that lycopene is related to CVD risk,”​ wrote researchers led by Paul Jacques from the Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University.

Skin damage

Recent research has linked lycopene supplements to protection against UV sun damage and may help to battle skin ageing.

"One little pill is the equivalent of eating six to eight cooked tomatoes,”​ said Professor George Truscott from Keele University, UK – who led the research that also suggests lycopene achieves such an effect by blocking reactive oxygen species from helping to form wrinkle-causing chemicals.

"Unlike anti-wrinkle creams, the pills give you protection from the inside out,"​ said Truscott. "The lycopene builds up in your body and is stored in the fat layer of the skin.”

"The other effect that lycopene has on the skin is it interacts with melanin, which gives the pigmentation,”​ he added. “It gets the melanin to be produced for longer, so your tan lasts for longer."

Indeed, many researchers have previously suggested that lycopene has beneficial effects on the skin, including evidence of protection from UV-ray induced tissue damage​.

Health claim’s hurdles

Despite such accumulating evidence for the benefits of lycopene – the compound is yet to win authorisation for the use of an EFSA approved health claim.

Several applications for health claims have been submitted for consideration to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in recent years – however all have been returned with negative opinions.

Claims that have been so far rejected by EFSA include ones relating to skin health, sun tolerance, improving dry skin, prostate functionality, eye health, heart health, healthy ageing, protection from cellular ageing and strengthening the immune system.

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2 comments

Enough in Tomatoes

Posted by chris aylmer,

Concentrated tomato puree or paste is a very good source of lycopene and can be incorporated into so many dishes and sauces. These sauces are very much part of the Mediterranean diet, as are fresh tomatoes in salads. Do we really need to pop another pill?

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INVITATION

Posted by paolo manzelli,

INVITO PROGRAMMA DEFINITIVO EGOCREANET 2013 : 28 marzo 2013
c/o Provincia di Firenze, sala L. Pistelli, via Cavour 1 - Firenze

Il workshop NUTRA–SCIENZA si propone di costruire un cluster pubblico-privato di gruppi di ricerca transdisciplinari, di competenze nutrizionali e di imprese,
per favorire la produzione agro-alimentare di qualità e lo sviluppo dell’impresa nutraceutica,
al fine di attuare una strategia per la prevenzione della salute nel contesto degli obiettivi e delle priorità della bio-economia di Europa 2020: investire in progetti di ricerca regionali, nazionali ed europei, favorendo l'innovazione e la capacità di guardare le priorità di Orizzonte 2020 in materia di innovazione, nutrizione e prevenzione della salute;
rafforzare le interazioni tra ricerca nutrigenomica e bio-molecolare con l’innovazione della produzione agro-alimentare e nutraceutica per dare sviluppo a criteri e strategie nutrizionali personalizzate;
individuare le principali tendenze di ricerca e di innovazione negli alimenti funzionali e degli ingredienti nutraceutici per il complessivo miglioramento del benessere psico-fisico.

PROGRAMMA
9.00 Saluto Autorità
9.30 “Sviluppo e benessere totale: Linee strategiche della Regione Toscana per la strategia Europa 2020"
Marco Masi, responsabile del Coordinamento della Ricerca, Regione Toscana
10.00 "Nutraceutici e alimenti funzionali piante: possibili strategie di ricerca e sviluppo"
Pietro Tonutti, Istituto di Scienze della Vita, S.S.S. Anna
10.30 "Alimenti di origine animale e nutraceutica: attualità e prospettive"
Marcello Mele, Dipartimento Scienze Agrarie, Alimentari e Agro-ambientali, Università di Pisa
11.00 "Alimenti funzionali e salute biologica valutazione dei prodotti regionali"
Flavia Mule, Dipartimento Biologia Cellulare e Sviluppo, Università di Palermo
11.30 "La valorizzazione della ricerca per lo sviluppo e le innovazioni imprenditoriali della nutrigenomica per l'agro-alimentare. Esempio della Campania" Luigi Iavarone, Consorzio Technapoli
12.00 "Microrganismi, vino e molecole bioattive". Massimo Vincenzini Pres. CDA-Azienda Montepaldi San Casciano- Firenze
12.30 “L'iniziativa congiunta di programmazione - una dieta sana per una vita sana (JPI-HDHL): sfide e opportunità”
Giovina Ruberti, Istituto Biologia Cellulare e Neurobiologia, CNR Roma
13.00 – Sospensione dei Lavori
15.00 “Nutraceutici e prevenzione cardiovascolare”
Anna Arnoldi, Dipartimento Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università di Milano
15.30 “I fitofarmaci in alimenti come indicatori di qualità e le proprietà salutari”
Nadia Mulinacci, Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca per Valorizzazione degli Alimenti, Università di Firenze
16.00 “Il Senarum Vinea: un contributo presso l'Università di Siena nel campo della ricerca AgrooFood”
Alessandro Pozzebon, Dipartimento Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Università di Siena
16.30 “Probiotici e Prebiotici come promotori della salute”
Bruno Biavati, Dipartimento Scienze Agrarie, Università di Bologna
17.00 TAVOLA ROTONDA: Sviluppo della Eco-Economia del Benessere:
come il cambiamento degli stili di vita, la prevenzione alimentare ed i criteri di crescita ecologica conducono a rendere sostenibile il futuro dell’economia e lo sviluppo
Introduce e coordina: Marco Bellandi, Economista - Prorettore Università di Firenze
Partecipanti: Francesco Cipriani, Giorgio Giraldi, Donata Luiselli, Annalisa Olivotti, Paolo Paoli, Andrea Paolini, Gianna Scatizzi, Marcello Traversi
18.45 Conclusioni: Paolo Manzelli, Egocreanet pmanzelli.lre@gmail.com

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