FAO backs dairy to raise nutrition among poorest people

- Last updated on GMT

Alpaca, moose and other non-traditional milk sources can contribute much to the nutrition of people in the developing world, says the FAO
Alpaca, moose and other non-traditional milk sources can contribute much to the nutrition of people in the developing world, says the FAO

Related tags: Dairy products, Milk

Dairy products have an important role to play in improving nutritional levels among the world’s poorest people, the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) says in a new book.

Consumption will rise 25% by 2025 in the developing world, but high costs mean those with the greatest nutritional need may not get access to them.

“As part of a balanced diet, milk and dairy products can be an important source of dietary energy, protein and fat,”​ said FAO senior nutrition officer and co-editor of Milk and Dairy Products in Human Nutrition​, Ellen Muehlhoff.

“They are also rich in micronutrients critical for fighting malnutrition in developing countries where the diets of poor people are often starch- or cereal-based and lack diversity.”

The book calls on governments to do more to subsidise dairy products and make them available to the poor, as well as make them easier to home-produce, as their cost remains prohibitive.

“Small-scale dairy farming is especially beneficial to poor households as it provides food and nutrients but also a regular income,”​ said FAO livestock industry officer and co-editor Anthony Bennett.

“Whereas crop agriculture means getting paid once or maybe twice a year, dairy is produced and sold daily so smallholders have cash in hand for immediate family needs such as food, household goods, clothing and schooling – and that changes lives.”

Moose milk?

The book looks at milk sources beyond the cow such as buffalo, goat, sheep, reindeer, moose, llama, alpaca, donkey, yak, camel and mithun.
“There is huge scope for developing other dairy species, particularly goats, which are easier to keep than cattle and significantly increase the accessibility of dairying to poor rural families,”​ Bennett said.

Beyond the cow: Can animals like the llama be a greater source of milk and nutrients for people in developing nations?

It suggests llamas and alpacas could yield more milk in latin America, that donkey milk can be good for the 2-6% of the population allergic to cow’s milk and that reindeer and moose milk is creamy, and high-fat and protein, as well as having a low lactose content.
They suggest milk and dairy can play a role in preventing diet-related non-communicable diseases such as type 2 diabetes and some cancers.

Reducing dairy sector environmental effects that contribute an estimated 4% of human-caused greenhouse emissions along with increased land and water pressure are other subjects addressed.

“Producing, processing and distributing milk and dairy products, like other foods, does affect the planet, and ongoing efforts are required to reduce greenhouse gas emissions generated by the sector,”​ said Bennett.

The book can be found here​.

Related news

Show more

Related products

show more

The Modern Athlete, Concepts & Formulations

The Modern Athlete, Concepts & Formulations

Sabinsa Corporation | 26-Feb-2018 | Data Sheet

Today sports nutrition is one of the most promising sectors of the dietary supplement industry. Evolving from an “athletes only” category to include people...

Healthy Ageing 2017

Active Nutrition With Collagen Hydrolysates

nutrineo – health food solutions by uelzena | Recorded the 17-Oct-2017 | Webinar

Active and agile: At an advanced age, the body must be supplied with sufficient protein to counter the natural breakdown of muscle mass. Elderly consumers...

Related suppliers

Follow us

Featured Events

View more


View more