- walnut and improved function of blood vessels
- olive oil polyphenol antioxidant effects and reduced LDL cholesterol;
- caffeine and alertness and increased physical endurance
- replacement of digestible starch by resistant starch to lower the increase of blood glucose levels after meals
- the replacement of saturated fatty acids with mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids to maintain normal blood cholesterol levels
- a range of sugar replacers (e.g. xylitol or sorbitol) in maintaining tooth mineralisation or lowering the increase of blood glucose levels after meals
Losers included probiotics and lutein, but NutraIngredients was unable to access the website for further details at the time of publication.
Of the antioxidant positive claim, Thomas Pauquai from consultancy NutraVeris observed:
"As previously, the claimed effect required by the applicants were 'reduces oxidative stress', 'antioxidant properties, etc while the Panel assumes that the claimed effects refer to the protection of low density lipoproteins particles from oxidative damage, that may be a beneficial physiological effect."
As with the previous three batches, the agency highlighted problems with many of the dossiers.
“Information gaps included, for instance: the inability to identify the specific substance on which the claim is based; the lack of evidence that the claimed effect is indeed beneficial to the maintenance or improvement of body functions; or the lack of precision regarding the health claim being made,” it said.
“In addition, some claims were outside the scope of the current legal framework.”
The head of EFSA’s Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA), Dr Juliane Kleiner, added: “Experts on the Panel have completed the evaluation of about 80% of ‘general function’ health claims, excluding the so-called ‘botanical’ claims, and are committed to finalising the remaining claims by the agreed deadline.”
The agency said it will host three online consultations later this month relating to:
- bone, joint and oral health
- oxidative damage and cardiovascular health
- satiety, weight management and blood glucose concentrations.
Look to NutraIngredients next week for detailed analysis of, and reaction to these opinions.