A new review has found reason to believe in the neuroprotective potential of probiotics and prebiotics. But the complex nature and lengthy progression of neurodegenerative conditions means convincing proof is still lacking, the researchers said
A polyphenol-based coating used on bacterial strains to protect them from oxygen’s harmful effects could pave the development of “living biotherapeutics” that are more resistant to the manufacturing process.
With about 90% of serotonin receptors located in the gut, it is easy to understand why the gut is often referred to as the "second brain." While we do know that what we eat affects the microbiome and the brain, how the microbiome in turn impacts...
A cohort study of 1,157 infants has found that vitamin D supplementation is associated with bacterial changes in a baby's microbiome which may influence susceptibility to asthma or respiratory viral infections.
Specific genes are linked to the existence and amount of certain gut bacteria, according to new research involving nearly 4,000 individuals which authors say could transform our understanding of common diseases, including obesity, irritable bowel syndrome,...
Athletes have greater gut diversity and more functional pathways within their microbiota than do their more sedentary peers. Why these facts are true is less clear, wrote the authors of a new comprehensive review.
Outside influences have shown strong correlations with what lives inside our bodies, and researchers are just beginning to understand how these environmental factors may affect the makeup of the gut microbiome.
Using shotgun metagenomics applied to archaeological feces, an international team of scientists have unveiled a new method that provides fresh insight into the composition and functions of ancient human and animal gut microbiota.
Cleveland Clinic researchers have identified an amino acid found in plant- and animal-based protein sources like meat, beans and soy that is linked to the development of cardiovascular disease, including heart attack, stroke and death.
Researchers have discovered the specific gut bacteria that are depleted in patients with ulcerative colitis leading to hope for the use of supplements to help treat these patients as well as those with Crohn's disease.
Micro-organisms in the gut support healthy digestion by helping nerve cells within the intestine to regulate the contraction and relaxation of the muscle wall of the colon, according to a new study in mice.
If your child misbehaves, you may only have yourself to blame, a new study suggests. Recent research indicates the gut microbiome could be a potential determinant of how a child’s environment ultimately impacts their neurobiological function and mental...
Complex commensal microbial communities are an integral aspect of human health, with the human gut microbiome development beginning even before birth. A number of factors are thought to impact the stability of microbial strains in the gut, such as mode...
The use of postbiotics could be an attractive alternative to prebiotics in immunocompromised children and adults, according to a recent review. But the lack of a definition of the term is still a complicating factor in determining effectiveness, the...
Gut bacteria could influence chemo sickness including fatigue, weight loss and 'mental fog', suggesting a potentially huge opportunity for probiotics, prebiotics and faecal transplantations, according to a new study on female mice.
The number of people suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is three times higher than previous estimates, with sufferers also at a higher risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC), according to new research.
Parkinson’s disease (PD) ‘starts in the gut’ says an expert, who spoke of a study that identifies the gut-brain axis and change in microbiome environment as playing key roles in disease onset and progression.
Swapping out refined grains for whole grains does not cause significant shifts in our gut microbes or better insulin resistance – but does result in weight loss, lower food intake, and reduced systemic inflammation, say researchers.
The development of diarrhoea in reaction to a leading colorectal cancer (CRC) chemotherapy drug may be determined by patients’ gut bacteria make-up, suggests a new study in npj Biofilms and Microbiomes
Controlling communication between probiotics and the brain is the next challenge for scientists as an Oxford University review outlines strategies for their use in treating brain disorders and enhancing cognition.